Glossary of terms
Parts of a Frog
- Dorsolateral fold
- Parotoid gland
- Supratympanic ridge
- Fingers without webbing
- Tibial gland
- Groin (between leg & body)
- Pads or discs
- Vocal sac
- Toes webbed
Aquatic: living in water.
Bask: sit in sunlight (usually to warm up).
Cloaca: joint opening of the digestive, urinary, and reproductive tracts. [see diagram].
Digits: fingers or toes. [see diagram].
Discs/Pads: round flat endings to digits to aid in climbing. [see diagram].
Dorsal: referring to the back or upper surface.
Dorsolateral fold: a fold of skin or ridge separating the dorsal (back) surface from the lateral (side) surface. [see diagram].
Endemic: restricted to a particular region.
Genera: a group of related species, sharing the same first name. (eg. Litoria).
Groin: area on side of body, at the base of leg. [see diagram].
Herpetologist: scientist who studies reptiles and amphibians.
Insectivorous: feeding on insects and usually other small invertebrates.
Invertebrate: animal without a backbone.
Lateral: referring to the side surface.
Longitudinal: running lengthways along the body, from head to tail.
Metatarsal tubercle: one or more small (usually rounded) lumps at the base of the foot.
Metamorphlings: recently metamorphosed tadpoles, that is, very young frogs.
Mid-dorsal: referring to the middle of the dorsal (back) surface.
Pads/Discs: round flat endings to digits to aid in climbing. [see diagram].
Parotoid gland: a gland behind the ear and above the shoulder. [see diagram].
Pupil: aperture in the eye through which light enters.
Spawn: frog eggs, or the act of laying eggs (spawning / to spawn).
Submerged: beneath the surface.
Supratympanic fold: a fold of skin above or overhanging the tympanum.
Supratympanic ridge: a ridge of skin above or overhanging the tympanum. [see diagram].
Tadpole: larval stage of frogs. ("polliwogs" to citizens of USA).
Terrestrial: living on land.
Tibial gland: gland on lower leg. [see diagram].
Tympanum: eardrum. [see diagram].
Ventral: referring to the belly or lower surface.
Vestigial: remnant or relict of. (example: "vestigial webbing" is with only a trace of webbing).
Vocal sac: expandable sac beneath throat that serves to amplify male call. [see diagram].